Distributed energy resources

Traditionally, electricity has been generated by large scale conventional plants based on fossil fuels or nuclear power.  A proportion of this will likely be displaced by distributed generation based on renewable energy sources such as solar panels or wind mills. Contrary to the current situation (few plants with very high capacity), this should lead to a situation where electricity is generated by a large number of nodes, of which many have a relatively small capacity. In a truly smart city, a new class of smart citizens becomes prosumers, citizens who use homes and offices to generate electricity and consume the same. Buildings, increasingly covered with solar material and paper batteries, would transform the construction industry and create millions of new micro-sources of power.

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